Tax 101 for startups in Peru

Tax implications are low on the list of investment criteria for angel and seed stage investors in Peru (as they should be). However, as the probability of a successful exit increases, tax considerations come to the forefront. Venture capital investors will seek to optimize returns and avoid startups that have inefficient tax structures. Continue reading “Tax 101 for startups in Peru”

3 key moments to examine your cap table

A cap table is the list of owners (equity holders) and how their ownership percentage is distributed. In high-growth startups, proper distribution of equity is key for keeping founders and investors aligned over time. Here are some points to consider: Accelerator programs often take equity in startups Startups typically share 10%-20% of equity in each … Continue reading “3 key moments to examine your cap table”

A cap table is the list of owners (equity holders) and how their ownership percentage is distributed. In high-growth startups, proper distribution of equity is key for keeping founders and investors aligned over time. Continue reading “3 key moments to examine your cap table”

When is the right time to set up an International HoldCo?

Members of Peru’s startup community have collaborated with advisors outside Peru to develop a report outlining considerations for startups evaluating creating international holding companies.

When should a startup evaluate creating an international holding company?

Continue reading “When is the right time to set up an International HoldCo?”

Just don’t call it ‘Corporate Governance’

I don’t like the term corporate governance much, but I am a huge fan of what it represents and how much it can help startups. It should just be called “getting the best people together to support a startup”.  Good corporate governance can help founders achieve their goals, both by building trust with investors and pointing founders in the right direction. Continue reading “Just don’t call it ‘Corporate Governance’”

Free legal documents for seed rounds!

PECAP has recently shared templates for legal documents for seed rounds in Peru.  The documents are a great starting point for discussing general terms with early stage investors and making seed rounds less costly for both founders and investors. The Swiss Entrepreneurship Program provided a key role in supporting this initiative. Montezuma & Porto law offices led a collaborative effort that included input from founders, investors and other lawyers. Continue reading “Free legal documents for seed rounds!”

Startup investor pitfalls

I recently spoke to Fernando Langschwager about his startup, Aprendiendo.la.  After a short time, he looked at me and told me I was asking the wrong questions. For novice startup investors like me, it is easy to fall into the trap of evaluating startups from the wrong perspective.  I spent the rest of the chat with Fernando listening to his views on where I was getting off track and he helped me come up with three pitfalls startup investors fall into: Continue reading “Startup investor pitfalls”

Valuation Benchmarks

Comparable transactions are a great benchmark for founders and investors and one way to get comfortable with a startup’s valuation as it is raising capital. There are many ways arrive at valuation and a range of values using multiple methodologies often provides more comfort than a fixed number extended out to various decimal places. Continue reading “Valuation Benchmarks”

Análisis Cohorte

Yo uso mucho el análisis cohorte para entender comportamiento de usuarios en una startup. En etapas tempranas es la mejor forma de llegar a un estimado de LTV (lifetime total value) verdadero de un cliente. Es una métrica importante para entender los unit economics y estabilidad del negocio. A mi me ayuda a entender el compartameinto natural del usuario. Adjunto un template sencillo y ágil que uso y que me permite muy rápido entender la dinámica de las startups que evaluamos.
Análisis Cohorte